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Journal of Case Studies in Education This journal has been retired and is no longer accepting manuscripts for publication. Cases in education may be submitted to the Research in Higher Education Journal for review. It is designed to provide the education professional a venue to share original situations with other educators. Cases from a broad range of topics are appropriate for consideration in the JCSE providing the focus of the work is educational situations. AABRI authors retain copyright to their manuscripts.

Click on the manuscript name below to read the articles from the Research in Higher Education Journal. Download free Adobe PDF reader. Early college high schools: A proposed solution to secondary transition services ; Jeanne M. High school leadership: The challenge of managing resources and competencies ; Falih M.

Stephenson, Jr. Exploring media richness using different communication channels within a hybrid presentation style ; Jan W. Buzydlowski, Holy Family University.

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English language learners and literacy development ; Norma A. Towards educational, political and social change: a case study , Fatima H. Citizenship, community and national identity: young people perceptions in a Bahraini context , Fatima H. Harmening, University of Toledo; Stacy A. Jacob, Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania. Presentation anxiety analysis: comparing face-to-face presentations and webinars , Scott Campbell, National University. The role of the educational diagnostician as perceived by South Texas administrators , Melisa G. Effectiveness of teacher training: Voices of teachers serving high-needs populations of students , Daniella G.

Kooiman, Mount Royal University. Volume 6 - September, Journalism educators, their students, and local media practitioners: A case study exploration , Adam J. Kuban, Ball State University. Developing a shared leadership vision in a college setting , Kerry K. Fierke, University of Minnesota, Duluth. The utilization of simulation games to enhance student learning in colleges and schools of business: A case study , Falih M.

Alsaaty, Bowie State University. Hand, Ed. The presidential scholarship programme in Zimbabwe: A living case of the political will in promoting regionalisation in higher education , Promise Zvavahera, National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe. Rates of representation of culturally and linguistically diverse students in South Texas , Norma A. The courage to lead: cases in American higher education , Jon E. Increasing college retention with a personalized system of instruction: a case study , Karen A. It seems to be common to suggest that analysis was done by coding, categorizing, or drawing out emergent themes.

However, the authors often neglect to provide more detail. In contrast, Sindberg included several paragraphs describing her analysis process, sharing the codes, and reporting on both within case and cross case themes. Merriam , pp. We provide a definition of these and then share how the nine studies utilized these tools. An example of using multiple methods of data collection would be checking what someone said in an interview with your observations or something written in a document. Member check. Member check, sometimes referred to as respondent validation, is the strategy of soliciting feedback from participants on findings and quotes.

Although you may have used different words it is your interpretation, after all, but derived directly from their experience , participants should be able to recognize their experience in your interpretation or suggest some fine-tuning to better capture their perspectives. Adequate engagement in data collection. The data collection should feel saturated, meaning that you begin to see and hear the same things over again and no new information surfaces. Stake wrote that the researcher is an interpretative tool whose experience becomes a lens through which to view, analyze, and interpret the data pp.

Peer review. Although Merriam acknowledges that this may be already established, as with thesis, dissertation, or peer-reviewed journal committees, there are examples of requesting review from a colleague. Audit trail. It is important for case study researchers to provide as much detail as possible regarding all aspects of the research. Today, when rich, thick description is used as a strategy to enable transferability, it refers to a description of the setting and participants of the study, as well as a detailed description of the findings with adequate evidence presented in the form of quotes from participant interviews, field notes, and documents.

Internal validity. Merriam , referred to internal validity, which addresses the match between the research findings and reality.

EdD. Research Guide: Case Studies

One of the assumptions underlying qualitative research is that reality is holistic, multidimensional, and ever-changing; it is not a single, fixed, objective phenomenon waiting to be discovered, observed, and measured as in quantitative research. Eight of the nine studies reviewed included sections addressing trustworthiness, although not all of them labeled the section of the paper as such. Gackle and Fung do not address any of these issues. Chaffin and Hourigan made a brief mention of member checks as well as triangulation.

Sindberg mentioned reflexivity as well as an external auditor. They then include three paragraphs defining these strategies and stating how they were specifically used in that investigation. Merriam wrote that it is the unit of analysis that determines whether a study is a case study, but that other types of studies can be combined with case study p. Ethnography describes the culture of a particular group being studied in depth and has its roots in sociology.

Phenomenology describes the essences and meanings of a phenomenon as experienced by people in their everyday lives and is based in philosophy. Within phenomenology we approached this study from the lens of heuristic inquiry. This example addresses much of the criteria outlined in this paper. The authors provide a citation Merriam, for the case study design.

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They suggest a blending with phenomenology and they state and describe heuristic inquiry as the theoretical framework. They define the unit of analysis and later in the paper discuss the sampling strategy employed. Although there is not much written on the subject of blending designs, it seems to us that describing the different aspects of each design being drawn from lends to the rigor of the study. Flexibility and creativity are hallmarks of qualitative research and we do not want to trap case study in a box defined by Creswell, Merriam, Stake, Yin, or anyone.

However, being as explicit as possible does lend to rigor and trustworthiness. For instance, one might study a particular culture, collect qualitative data, and present the findings in the form of a case study. Would that make the study an ethnography or a case study? Or perhaps an ethnographic case study? Or perhaps a qualitative study that presents findings through an ethnographic lens in the form of a case study? We suggest that authors who use blended designs make clear which aspects of each design are being used, including defining the analysis process.

The other important feature in case study methodology is to clearly define the unit of analysis. The profession should also examine what differentiates a single case study from a multiple case study. If one was to present a single case study of a particular culture by drawing conclusions from engaging with multiple participants within that culture, would that be considered a single case study or a multiple case study? The initial answer might be that it would be a multiple case study since it considered multiple individuals within that culture to create a bounded system: the particular culture of the group.

But then what would a single case study of a particular culture look like? Are we to infer by the distinction between single and multiple case studies that constructs such as cultures can only be presented as a multiple case study? We suggest that the answer to this question lies in the type of case study being used, which is tied to the unit of analysis as well as the analysis and reporting of the study.

Key sources on case study disagree about the unit of analysis. Yin wrote that holistic designs have a single unit of analysis whereas embedded designs have multiple units of analysis and it is possible to have single holistic case studies, single embedded case studies, multiple holistic case studies, or multiple embedded case study designs which have the advantage of replication.

It is also used to represent the unit of study. In addition, if using a blended design, we suggest that researchers identify the unit of analysis and then clarify which aspects of each design are being employed. In closing we must reiterate that our examination of music education case studies in this article was not meant to be critical of the studies shared but to highlight for music educators the need for caution in the choice of terms. Readers are encouraged to continue their study of the use of case study. We conclude with a quote from a new source on the topic by Barrett :. For all of the reasons outlined at the beginning of this chapter, case study research has a firm foothold in music education.

Yet for its prevalence, the uneven quality of case study reports call our attention to the need for more rigor in design and analysis, attention to the analytical path used to draw inferences from the data, and especially the more sophisticated interplay between cases and theoretical frameworks. Abrahams, F. Case studies in music education 2nd ed.

Chicago: GIA Publications. Abramo, J. Gender differences of popular music production in secondary schools. Journal of Research in Music Education, 59 1 , Atterbury, B. The experience of teaching general music. New York: McGraw-Hill. Bailey, R. Visiting the music classroom through the use of the case method in the preparaton of senior-level music teacher education students: A study of reflective judgment.

Unpublished D. Bresler, L. Ethnography, phenomenology and action research in music education. Quarterly Journal of Music Teaching and Learning, 6 3 , Brinson, B. Choral music: Methods and materials. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Group.

Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education Special issue:. Qualitative methodologies in music education research conference. Bulletin of the. Council for Research in Music Education, Qualitative methodologies in music education research conference II. Cain, T. The characteristics of action research in music education. British Journal of. Music Education, 25 3 , Chaffin, C. Perceptions of instrumental music teachers regarding the development.

Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, , Conway, C. The development of a casebook for use in instrumental music education methods courses. The case method and music teacher education. Update - Applications of Research in Music Education, 17 2 , The development of teacher cases for instrumental music methods courses.

Journal of Research in Music Education, 47 4 , The use of story and narrative inquiry in music teacher education. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 12 2 , Life as an instrumental music. Journal of Research in Music Education, 58 3 , Perceptions of experienced music teachers regarding. Journal of Research in Music Education , 56 1 , Creswell, J. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five. Gackle, L.

Learn How to Write a Case Study Assignment the Most Easy Way

Bringing the East to the West: A case study in teaching. Chinese choral music to a youth choir in the United States. Gall, M. Educational research: An introduction 8 th. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Hourigan, R. The use of the case method to promote reflective thinking in music teacher education. Update - Applications of Research in Music Education, 24 2 , Journal of Research in Music Education, 57 2 , Krueger, P. Ethnographic research methodology in music education. Journal of.

Research in Music Education. Lane, J.

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Teaching Materials Using Case Studies • Guides to Lecturers • UK Centrefor Materials Education

A descriptive analysis of qualitative research published in two eminent music. Bulletin for the Council of Research in Music Education,. Lincoln, Y. Naturalistic inquiry.

Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Lind, V. Designing case studies for use in teacher education. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 10 2 , Madsen, C. Support for music education: A case study of. Journal of Research in Music. Education, 50 , Matsunobu, K. Spirituality as a universal experience of music: A case study of North. Journal of Research in Music Education, Merriam, S. Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers. Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publications.